Category:Technologies.
1992 – The Internet Society (ISOC)
1992 – The Internet Society (ISOC)

The Internet becomes such a part of the computing establishment that a professional society forms to guide it on its way. The Internet Society (ISOC), with Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn among its founders, validates the coming of age of inter-networking and its pervasive role in the lives of professionals in developed countries. The IAB […]

1991 – The net’s dramatic growth
1991 – The net’s dramatic growth

The net’s dramatic growth continues with NSF lifting any restrictions on commercial use. Interchanges form with popular providers such as UUNET and PSInet. Congress passes the Gore Bill to create the National Research and Education Network, or NREN initiative. In another sign of popularity, privacy becomes an ‘issue,’ with proposed solutions such as PGP (Pretty […]

Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf at CNRI hold the first Gigabit (1000Mbps)
Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf at CNRI hold the first Gigabit (1000Mbps)

The number of hosts increases from 80,000 in January to 130,000 in July to over 160,000 in November!Australia, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand and the United Kingdom join the Internet. Commercial e-mail relays start between MCIMail through CNRI and Compuserve through Ohio State. The Internet Architecture Board reorganizes again reforming the IETF […]

1990 – ARPANET formally shuts down
1990 – ARPANET formally shuts down

ARPANET formally shuts down. In twenty years, ‘the net’ has grown from 4 to over 300,000 hosts. Countries connecting in 1990 include Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Greece, India, Ireland, South Korea, Spain, and Switzerland. Several search tools, such as ARCHIE, Gopher, and WAIS start to appear. Institutions like the National Library of Medicine, Dow […]

Upgrade of the NSFNET backbone to T1 completes
Upgrade of the NSFNET backbone to T1 completes

The upgrade of the NSFNET backbone to T1 completes and the Internet starts to become more international with the connection of Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. In the US more regionals spring up – Los Nettos and CERFnet both in California. In addition, Fidonet, a popular traditional bulletin board system (BBS) joins […]

1985 – the Internet (all TCP/IP interconnected networks)
1985 – the Internet (all TCP/IP interconnected networks)

SF announces the award of five supercomputing center contracts: Cornell Theory Center (CTC), directed by Nobel laureate Ken Wilson; The John Von Neumann Center (JVNC) at Princeton, directed by computational fluid dynamicist Steven Orszag; The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), directed at the University of Illinois by astrophysicist Larry Smarr; The Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center […]

Apple announces the Macintosh
Apple announces the Macintosh

In January, Apple announces the Macintosh. Its user-friendly interface swells the ranks of new computer users. Novelist William Gibson coins the term cyberspace in Neuromancer, a book that adds a new genre to science fiction and fantasy. The newly developed DNS is introduced across the Internet, with the now familiar domains of .gov, .mil, .edu, […]

Apollo workstations and DNS
Apollo workstations and DNS

In January, the ARPANET standardizes on the TCP/IP protocols adopted by the Department of Defense (DOD). The Defense Communications Agency decides to split the network into a public ‘ARPANET’ and a classified ‘MILNET, ‘ with only 45 hosts remaining on the ARPANET. Jon Postel issues an RFC assigning numbers to the various interconnected nets. Barry […]

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